Among the Nordic countries, Sweden has the largest population. It is the third-largest country in the EU, and is separated from Norway by mountains, while connected to Denmark by a road and a bridge. Sweden’s economy’s most important areas in 2012 were public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (23.9 %), industry (19.9 %) and wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.6 %). Export is mainly done with Norway, Germany and the UK, while import is mainly done with Germany, Norway and Denmark.
438 575.8 km2
9 482 855 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
1.9 % (2012)
€ 407.820 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
EU member country since
1 January 1995
Seats in the European Parliament
Swedish krona SEK
Schengen area member
Yes, Schengen Area member since 19 December 1996.
Presidency of the Council
Sweden has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice: in 2001 and 2009.