Estonia is a largely a flat country on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. It is the most northerly country of the three Baltic States. As of 2012, the most important sectors of Estonia’s economy were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (22.2 %), industry (21.2 %) and public administration, defense, education, human health and social work activities (14.4 %). Estonia’s main export partners are Sweden, Finland and Russia, while Finland, Germany and Sweden are Estonia’s main import partners.
45 227.0 km²
1 325 217 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
0.3 % (2012)
€ 17.415 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
EU member country since
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament
Eurozone member since 1 January 2011
Schengen area member
Yes, Schengen Area member since 1 May 2004.
Presidency of the Council
Estonia will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2018