In the north, Bulgaria is dominated by the vast lowlands of Danube Plain with the river Danube, which defines the border to Romaina. In the south, Bulgaria is dominated by highlands and elevated plains. In the east the Black Sea coast attracts tourists all over the world every year. In 2012, the most important sectors of this country’s economy were industry (25.0 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (21.1 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (12.5 %). Their main export partners are Germany, Turkey and Italy, and their main import partners are Russia, Germany and Italy.
110 899.7 km²
7 327 224 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
1.5 % (2012)
€ 39.927 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
EU member country since
1 January 2007
Seats in the European Parliament
Bulgarian lev BGN
Schengen area member
No, Bulgaria is not a member of the Schengen Area.
Presidency of the Council
Bulgaria will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2018.