Poland borders to Germany in the west, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, Lithuania and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad to the north and the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south. The country also has a long coast on the Baltic Sea. The Carpathian Mountains creates a natural border with Slovakia. Polands’ economy’s most important areas in 2012 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (26.4 %), industry (24.6 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (13.4 %). Poland’s main partners for export are Germany, the UK and the Czech Republic. Import however is mainly through Germany, Russia and the Netherlands.
312 679 km2
38 538 447 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
€ 381.48 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
EU member country since
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament
Schengen area member
Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.
Presidency of the Council
Poland has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011