Lithuania is the most populous of the three Baltic States and also the southernmost of them. With a few low hills in the western uplands and eastern highlands, this country is mainly flat with forests covering 30% of the country. As of 2012, the most important areas of Lithuania’s economy were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (32.9 %), industry (25.1 %) and public administration, defense, education, human health and social work activities (13.7 %). Lithuania’s main export partners are Russia, Latvia and Germany, while Russia, Germany and Poland are their main import partners .
65 300 km2
3 003 641 (2012)
Population as % of total EU population
0.6 % (2012)
€ 32.940 billion (2012)
Official EU language(s)
EU member country since
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament
Eurozone member since 1 January 2015
Schengen area member
Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.
Presidency of the Council
Lithuania has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2013.